Aortic Diseases

The largest artery in the body is known as the aorta. The aorta helps the heart in pumping the blood to the other parts of the body through smaller arteries. Any disease that affects the aorta can cause it to split or dilate. It may even rupture in worst cases. Mainly, there are three types of aortic aneurysms:

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysms.
  • Thoracic abdominal aneurysms.
  • Thoracic aneurysms.

The aorta can get damaged due to various diseases and conditions. Some of the common conditions that may induce aortic damage are:

  • Genetic conditions.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Injury.
  • Connective tissue disorders.
  • Atherosclerosis.

Most of the aortic aneurysms do not show symptoms till they get excessively  large or rupture. Some of the common symptoms may include:

  • Sudden outbreak of sharp chest pain.
  • Rapid change in the level of blood pressure.
  • Fainting etc.

Aortic diseases are not common among individuals. They can be sometimes life threatening. Some factors such as family history, smoking, Diabetes, age, genetic factors, hypertension, hyperlipidemia etc. can worsen the condition more. Diagnosis of the aortic diseases can be done through:

  • Physical examination
  • Analysing medical history
  • CT Scans
  • Ultrasound
  • Arteriogram
  • MRI etc.,

Treatment options may vary according to each condition. However, there are medications, surgeries and minimally invasive treatment options to cure aortic diseases.