Hypertension or problems with blood pressure is not only a problem for adults but also affects the teenagers and younger children. Most of the adults experience high blood pressure at certain points in their life. Teenagers nowadays spend a lot of their time on media , internet , exercise less and consume a high caloric diet with results in weight gain. This can be one of the main reason for high blood pressure/ hypertension. If the child/adolescent is obese, he/she may have high blood pressure in the future.
The common type of hypertension or high blood pressure condition is primary hypertension or early onset hypertension. Some of the cases are hereditary, wherein the child gets the hypertension from his/her parents. Poor lifestyle choices and obesity are the other common causes of early onset hypertension leading to
- Buildup of fatty deposits inside arteries (atherosclerosis)
- Thickening of artery walls
- Excessive contraction of small arteries (arterioles)
Following an unhealthy lifestyle and eating habit are not simple as these people consider. The hormonal changes leading to Cushing’ s Syndrome ,hypothyroid and hyperthyroid and hyperparathyroidism can also be the reason for high blood pressure.
Junk food and lack of exercise increases the risks for obesity and hypertension .There is a risk for developing high blood pressure during the first stages of puberty in girls. The blood pressure can only be diagnosed by a doctor. A normal blood pressure is when, the systolic and diastolic pressures are <90th %. The risks for developing high blood pressure/ hypertension can be prevented by taking the following measures:
- Maintaining a healthy body weight
- Following a healthy diet
- Regular exercise
- Quitting smoking
- Limiting the intake of alcohol and drug use etc.
The treatment options for early onset hypertension may vary accordingly. The severity of the condition is the main factor in deciding the treatment option. However, the first treatment option is lifestyle management. Medications and other treatment options may also be prescribed. Early onset hypertension also forms the precursor to other cardiac conditions and requires close monitoring and follow up .