The branch of medicine that deals with the study of heart rhythm disturbances is referred to as Electrophysiology. An invasive procedure that is used to evaluate the abnormal heart rhythm disturbance is called electrophysiological ablation. Electrodes are inserted into the vein near the groin. They are guided carefully to the heart with the help of a fluoroscope. The electrodes measure the electrical signals of the heart when it reaches the heart. The evaluation of abnormal heart rhythm is done based on the electrical signals sent by the electrodes to the heart. The underlying problems of the arrhythmia can also be found out with the help of the electrical stimuli through the catheter.
The procedure is suggested for people with the following problems:
- If symptoms such as palpitations, fainting, dizziness etc. is shown and suspected to have abnormal heart rhythm issues.
- For identifying the rhythm problems.
- To analyse the effectiveness of a previous treatment for rhythm problem.
- A treatment option for rhythm problem.
The procedure may take around 3-6 hours to complete. The patient will be given slight sedation, which will make him/her comfortable during the procedure. The procedure has only minimal risks and which are very rare. Some of the possible risks are noted below:
- Can cause stimulating severe heart rhythm problems.
- Damage to the blood vessels etc.
The ablation procedure is done to eliminate the tissue that causes the dysrhythmia. Either heat or cooling will be used to carry out the ablation procedure. During the procedure the area or tissue that causes the dysrhythmia will be removed from the heart.