The hair on your head goes through a life cycle that involves growth, resting, and shedding. It’s common for people to lose around 100 hairs a day. If you experience sudden hair loss, loss in patches, or overall thinning, it is necessary to visit your doctor. Some shedding is temporary and may respond well to changes in diet, certain treatments, or lifestyle changes. Other loss may be more permanent or not stop until an underlying condition is treated.
By age 40, about half of all men will experience hair loss due to hereditary conditions like androgenic alopecia (male pattern baldness). Likewise, more than half of women will experience genetic hair loss (female pattern baldness) before the age of 70. Since, there are many types of hair loss, finding the cause can be challenging
Most hair loss is not associated with systemic or internal disease, nor is poor diet a frequent factor. Hair may simply thin as a result of predetermined genetic factors and the overall aging process. Many men and women may notice mild physiologic thinning of hair starting in their 30s and 40s. Life vicissitudes, including illness, emotional trauma, protein deprivation (during strict dieting), and hormonal changes like those in pregnancy, puberty, and menopause may cause hair loss
- common causes of hair loss include:
1.medical conditions, like alopecia areata, scalp infections, or trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder), radiation treatment for conditions like cancer. Medical conditIons like thyroid , iron deficiency anemia , secondary syphilis can cause hair loss. Complete hair loss after chemotherapy usually regrows after six to 12 months
2.hormonal changes from pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, or thyroid issues
3.medications or supplements, such as those used for cancer, high blood pressure, depression, or arthritis
4.stress, whether physical or emotional
5.Hair styling practices, like wearing tight ponytails or cornrows
Patchy hair loss
Some conditions produce small areas of hair loss, while others affect large areas of the scalp. Common causes of patchy hair loss are
- alopecia areata (small circular or coin size bald patches on the scalp that usually grow back within months),
- traction alopecia (thinning from tight braids or ponytails),
- trichotillomania (the habit of twisting or pulling hair out),
- tinea capitis (fungal infection), and
- secondary syphilis.
Diffuse hair loss
Some common causes of diffuse hair loss are
- pattern alopecia,
- drug-induced alopecia,
- protein malnutrition, and
- systemic disease-induced alopecia (cancer, endocrine disease, and telogen effluvium).
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