Angioplasty is a medical procedure to open up the blood vessel that is narrowed due to certain medical conditions. The procedure does not require surgery to open up the blood vessel. It is done using a kind of small balloons. The angioplasty is the diagnostic procedure to determine which artery has become narrowed. Both the procedures are done at the hospital under local anesthesia.
Angiogram: It is a special kind of x-ray that can diagnose occlusion (blockage) and stenosis (narrowing) in the arteries. A vascular surgeon or Interventional radiologist will guide the entire procedure. During the procedure, the surgeon will administer a local anesthesia into the groin area. The procedure is comparatively painless. A catheter will be inserted into the artery in the groin. The doctor will manipulate the catheter into the right position with the help of the x-rays. A dye is injected into the blood vessels through the catheter. The pictures will be recorded in the x-ray. Different portions of the arteries can be examined through this procedure.
Angioplasty: Angioplasty is a non-surgical or Interventional method to treat blockages or narrowing of the arteries. Plaque buildup may cause the arteries to narrow down. Angioplasty is considered to be a life-saving procedure for those who have acute coronary syndrome and acute heart attack. The angioplasty is done under a local anesthesia. During catheterization, a guide wire is inserted into the groin area followed by a thin tube called a sheath. The catheter is then guided through the sheath to the surrounding arteries of the heart. The dye is a contrast material which is injected into the catheter. The dye moves through the chambers of the heart and arteries. The movements are digitally photographed. This helps the doctor to identify the location of the blockages. The balloon is inflated as the catheter reaches the blockage. The balloon then pushes the artery open and widens the blood vessels enough to increase the blood flow and nutrients to the heart.