ASD or Atrial Septal Disease is a kind of Congenital defect that affects the heart. The condition occurs when the wall that separates the atria (upper heart chamber) does not close fully. The wall that separates the heart’s right and left sides is called the septum. This causes blood leakage from one side of the heart. The main sign of ASD is a hole in the septum. The treatment may vary according to the size and severity of the defect. Severe cases may need surgical treatment. Nonsurgical methods may also be opted for treating ASD.
The non-surgical method is performed by making an incision in the groin area. A catheter is then inserted into the blood vessel and lead to the heart. With the guidance of X-ray and intra-cardiac echocardiogram, an ASD device is advanced to the heart and reaches the defect. After that, the closure device is placed across the ASD defect. This helps closing the defect. Different types of devices are available for ASD closure. The entire procedure is carried out in a Cath lab and the patient will be given intravenous sedation or antibiotics before starting the procedure. The patient may have to stay in the hospital overnight after the procedure.
Nonsurgical ASD closure is considered to be very much effective for ASD defect. There can be risks such as infection, TIA, bleeding, vascular damage, kidney failure, cardiac puncture, esophageal damage, cardiac rhythm problems, contrast allergy etc. The risks may vary according to individuals. Follow up is required for up to six months after the procedure. Annual Cardiology office visit is necessary to prevent the future Health risks.