Spirometry includes tests of pulmonary mechanics – measurements of FVC, FEV1, FEF values, forced inspiratory flow rates (FIFs), and MVV. Measuring pulmonary mechanics assesses the ability of the lungs to move huge volumes of air quickly through the airways to identify airway obstruction.
The measurements taken by the spirometry device are used to generate a graph that can help to assess lung conditions such as: asthma, pulmonary fibrosis, cystic fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Physicians may also use the test results to diagnose bronchial hyperresponsiveness to exercise, cold air, or pharmaceutical agents.
Hearing loss can occur to anyone, at least 25 percent of people over 50 yrs of age experience hearing loss, and 50 percent of people over 80yrs of age experience it. Audiometry can be used to test for hearing loss. It helps to understand the hearing status of both ears . It tests both the intensity and the tone of sounds, balance issues, and other issues related to the function of the inner ear.
Decibel ( dB) is the unit of measure for sound intensity .A healthy human ear can hear quiet sounds such as whispers at about 20 dB. A loud sound such as a jet engine is between 140 and 180 dB.
The tone of a sound is measured in cycles per second. The unit of measure for tone is Hertz (Hz). Low bass tones measure around 50 Hz. Humans can hear tones between 20-20,000 Hz. Human speech generally falls in the 500-3,000 Hz range.
Why Audiometry Is Performed
An audiometry test is performed to determine the hearing of an individual . This may be done as part of a routine screening or in response to a noticeable loss of hearing.
The common causes of hearing loss include:
- birth defects
- chronic ear infections
- inherited conditions, such as otosclerosis, which occurs when an abnormal growth of bone prevents structures within the ear from functioning properly
- an injury to the ear
- inner ear diseases, such as Ménière’s disease or an autoimmune disease that affect the inner ear
- regular exposure to loud noises
- a ruptured eardrum
Hearing loss may be caused due to damage to the ear or exposure to loud sounds for a long period .Sounds louder than 85 dB, such as you hear at a rock concert, can cause hearing loss after only a few hours. It’s good to use hearing protection, such as foam earplugs, if you’re exposed to loud music or industrial noise on a regular basis.
Sensorineural hearing loss occurs when hair cells in the cochlea aren’t working properly. The cochlea is the part of the ear that translates sound vibrations into nerve impulses to be sent to the brain. Sensorineural hearing loss can also occur due to damage to the nerve that carries sound information to the brain or damage to part of the brain that processes this information. This type of hearing loss is usually permanent. It can be mild, moderate, or severe.