Dr . Paula Goel , Fayth Clinic
Diabetes is a lifelong condition in which the Persons blood sugar level increases much higher then normal
There are 2 types of DM
-Type 1 : where bodys immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin
Type 2 : where the body doesnot produce enough insulin or the bodys cells do not react to insulin
Type 2 DM is more common than type 1 and more than 90 % of adults suffer from type 2
Most people need medicine to control their type 2 diabetes.
Medicine helps keep your blood sugar level as normal as possible to prevent health problems. So ,do you have to take lifelong medications in diabetes .
The answer to that remains on how well controlled your blood sugar is !
Staying healthy is very important by maintaining a healthy diet ,by keeping active and taking your medications on time .
It will also help you to control your weight and generally feel better
For some individuals , Diabetes usually gets worse over time, so your medicine or dose may need to change
And you may have to take it for the rest of your life.
However for those whose blood sugar is borderline high on medication , they can be put on low dose diabetic medications with diet and daily exercises.
You can eat a wide range of foods including fruits , vegetables , high fibre food
Keep sugar , fat and salt to a minimum
Breakfast , lunch & dinner is to be taken daily and meals should not be skipped . If diet needs to be changed , small changes may be made weekly
Getting the right medicine for you is important , Diabetes medicines help lower the amount of sugar in your blood. You’ll usually be offered a medicine called metformin first.
If your blood sugar levels have not lowered after taking metformin, you may need another medicine.
Over time, you may need a combination of medicines , if diabetes in not under control. Your doctor will recommend the medicines most suitable for you.
Insulin is not often used for type 2 diabetes in the early years. It’s usually needed when other medicines no longer work. Your doctor will explain how to take your medicine and how to store it.
If you need to inject insulin, they’ll show you how.
Your diabetes medicine may cause side effects.
These can include:
- bloating and diarrhoea
- weight loss or weight gain
- feeling sick
- swelling in one or more parts of your body due to a build-up of fluid under your skin
Not everyone has side effects.
If you feel unwell after taking medicine or notice any side effects, speak to your doctor.
Do not stop taking medicine by yourself without taking your doctor’s advice.
If you’re going on holiday:
- pack extra medicine – speak to your doctor about or how much to take
- carry your medicine in your hand luggage just in case checked-in bags go missing or get damaged
- if you’re flying with a medicine you inject, get a letter from your doctor that says you need it to treat diabetes
Diabetes is a lifelong disease which can be controlled . Diabetic rehabilitation which includes customized healthy diet , exercise protocols, medications and counseling go a long way
to control diabetes and decreases the requirement of medication .
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