Lifestyle diseases refer to diseases that are caused mainly due to the unhealthy behavior and choices people make in their life hence these diseases are termed as “LIFESTYLE DISEASES”. They are associated with the way a person or group of people live. The onset of lifestyle diseases is insidious, they take years to develop, and once encountered do not lend themselves easily to cure. But good news with it is that these are diseases that potentially can be prevented by changes in diet, environment, and lifestyle.
In past few decade we have witnessed a rapid transformation in the lifestyle of Indians, particularly those living in urban India. Economic growth, modernization, urbanization & socialization has changed the life style of Indian families. With a shift in eating habits and the adoption of a sedentary life style that has resulted in rapid escalation of lifestyle diseases with alarming projection by WHO 2005 , that by 2020, seven million Indians may die of lifestyle diseases. Elimination of these risk factors can prevent diabetes, stroke, heart disease by 80% and cancer by 40%. It is said that, the possibility of an Indian suffering from a lifestyle disease is four per cent greater than people from other nationalities and are also affecting younger population. Also it has been found thatIndians have smaller sized coronaries as compared to the Caucasians , hence the rate of narrowing of blood vessels is faster and at a younger age in Indians .Hence, the population atrisk in India shifts from 40+ to maybe 30+ or even younger.
Heart disease is the number one killer both worldwide and in India accounting for approximately over 25% or over 3 million cardiovascular deaths in the age group of 25- 70 years in India in 2014. Cardiovascular disease is more prevalent in urban areas , but incidence in rural areas is also increasing. Prevalence of coronary artery disease in India is approximately 12% in urban and 7% in rural areas. At present India has the highest number of heart patients in the world with the total number exceeding 10 crore and the numbers are steadily increasing
Indians have high genetic tendency for cholesterol elevation and diabetes and this coupled with changes in lifestyle is producing an epidemic of heart disease especially in youths in thirties and forties , some as young as 25. India has the highest incidence of patients with premature coronary artery disease occurring approximately 10 years before other populations in the world. The mean age of first heart attack in Indians is 53, and we are now increasingly seeing youths in thirties with acute heart attacks.
Metabolic Syndrome is a new age disease characterised by overweight /obesity along with diabetes or insulin resistance , high blood pressure , high cholesterol, PCOS , early onset of coronary artery disease . Metabolic syndrome affects young individuals as early late teens to early 20s, with a high preponderance in individuals with positive family history of diabetes orheart problems in 1 or both parents . Central or truncal obesity is a characteristic feature in India and this predisposes to higher incidence of metabolic syndeome.
Leading an unhealthy lifestyle with consumption of alcohol or smoking from a young age also exacerbates the process . It has been found that individuals who start smoking from teensbecome chronic smokers and are unable to kick the habit as compared to individuals who start smoking at a later age ( in their 30s ) . However , both type of smokers starting early or late are predisposed to hyper reactive airway diseases and COPD and peripheral vascular disease and lung cancer.
It is time to act now to adopt a healthy life style in the families from an early age to combat these diseases with a proper balanced diet, regular exercise and physical activity, no tobacco, stress control and by giving due respect to biological clock.
At FAYTH CLINIC we assess and assist yoou to know how to overcome these LIFESTYLE DISEASES and how to GET BACK TO LIFE.
Some INTERESTING FACTS you should know:
- India No.1 in cardiac patients: 10% population affected, US/Europe No. 2: 7% each;China: 4%
- Heart Diseases to be single greatest killer in India by 2015 (WHO)
- Highest growth among young executives: 1 of 8 is under 40 years
- Heart attacks among executives at 10 years ahead of global average age: Preventionneeds to start in early 20s
Prevalence of CAD up from 17.5% to 35% among corporate executives in past decade: two-fold rise
- Heart attacks kill one in every 10 Indians
- 31 percent of urban Indians are either overweight or obese
- Obesity can, in fact, triple the risk of heart disease
- India has one of the highest numbers of diabetic patients in the world, as many as 30 million, and growing by the day
- Hypertension & Stress, especially from work, account for more than 50% of heart ailments
- 100 million people in India have high blood pressure
- Two out of three employees in India are victim of stress
- Over 40% of urban Indians have high lipid levels (cholesterol and triglycerides) that are the major risk factors for heart disease