You have the advice and close supervision of health care professionals to help you to improve your health and decrease the risk of future health problems and can communicate with your health professionals on a daily basis.
Improves physical fitness
Allows end organ recovery after disease process.
Incorporates counseling and education regarding nutrition and lifestyle modification which enables you to lose weight, decrease blood pressure, decrease cholesterol levels and manage stress.
Prevents progression of the disease and end-organ damage in the long run, keeping the person healthy lifelong.
Improves self esteem and well being
Increases productivity and work capacity.
What is Medical Rehab?
Medical Rehab is a professionally supervised program to help people to recover from their illness and enable them to lead a healthy and productive life.
What should I consider while picking a program?
Place: Is the program easy to get to.
Setting: Is it a group / individual program?
Time: Is the program offered at a convenient time
Is doctor’s evaluation required before enrolling for the program? -Yes, to identify any risks to the individual following the exercise protocol and design the activity guidelines.
Are educational services available to you and family? -Yes as they are a great support to all involved.
Will an individual plan be developed for you? – Yes as the doctor and staff should identify the risks and tailor a program according to your requirements.
Is doctor’s supervision available during your exercise session? -Yes, doctor must be in the immediate area or in direct contact with staff
Are emergency equipments and supplies readily available? -Yes
Who should enroll for rehab?
Rehab can be preventive or post disease.
Preventive rehab is for obesity (adults and teenagers).
Post disease is for cardiac, diabetic and osteoporotic patients.
Risk factor analysis in all rehab programs is important to identify the cause and the extent of the disease which would help to plan the rehab program
Why is it required?
Allows them to improve their overall physical, mental and social functioning.
What are the life style disorders in adolescents?
What is acne?
Acne is one of the most common skin disorders seen in children and adults. In most children, acne develops with puberty. The main cause for this is the hormonal changes during this period. The male sex hormone called androgen increases in both girls and boys. As a result, the sebaceous glands become more active and produce an increased amount of sebum.
What are the treatments for acne?
The right treatment for the child may vary based on many factors. The most common treatments include topical therapy and systemic therapy. Some of the commonly used topical medications include:
Systemic antibiotics such as Doxycycline, Erythromycin, and Tetracycline etc. are also used to treat moderate to severe cases of acne.
What are the other common skin problems among children and adults?
Papules and pustules
Cysts or nodules
Is there any problem if my child, who is an asthma patient, participates in sports?
Certain physical activities such as running can worsen the child’s conditions. But with proper care and management, it could be prevented. Discuss with your healthcare provider on how to make your child prepared to participate in sports.
Can exercising have bad effect on an asthma patient?
Strenuous physical activities can put asthma patients at risk. However, aerobic activities can be helpful, which will strengthen the breathing muscles and improve the airway function. If you/your child is an asthma patient, can follow these tips to avoid problems during exercise:
Try to breathe through the nose, not through the mouth, which will help to humidify the air.
Take/give asthma medication before the exercise. If you/your child exercises daily, inhaled corticosteroids can be the best option.
Carrying a “reliever” or “reserve” can be helpful.
Try to wear a scarf, covering the nose and mouth, during cold weather.
Can Diabetes Mellitus occur in adolescents?
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder and it can affect people of any age. Diabetes is seen more prevalent among adolescents these days. Type 1 diabetes is the most common among adolescents.
What is prediabetes?
If the blood glucose level is higher than the normal level and not high enough to be described as diabetes, the condition is called prediabetes. It is commonly seen among children and adolescents. If not managed carefully, it can be developed into type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes can be controlled through weight management, regular physical activity and healthy diet.
Weight management program with a change in eating habits
Supervised regular exercise
Restricting TV viewing ( eating meals as a family instead of watching TV)
Medical Checkup and screening for diseases.
Ensuring adequate and regular sleep pattern.
Not giving in to peer pressure to smoke/ substance abuse etc.
How do we decide whether to go in for angioplasty or bypass surgery?
10 ways to beat stress and peer pressure amongst parents and adolescents before they appear for exam
Deep breathing exercises (fast relaxation tips)
Take an interest in what they are doing.
Lessen the chores around exam time, and encourage your young people to get some breaks from study.
Let them know that you trust them to do as well as they can.
Encourage your children to talk with teachers or lecturers about a study program that suits them – and to stick to it.
Encourage them to get ideas about revision techniques from teachers or friends and choose what suits them best.
Help them to balance their time and to allow time for exercise, going out, staying in touch with friends and having fun and enough rest.
Encourage them to get plenty of fresh air. Try studying outside for a change.
When people feel stressed their body needs to do something active. So encourage your teenager to do something active when he or she feels really stressed – go for a run or play an energetic game.
Make sure there is time for friends. Talking things over with others helps.
Take steps to overcome problems if you do not understand certain topics .Don’t keep things bottled up. Confiding in someone you trust and is supportive helps to decrease stress and worry.Keep things in perspective. The exams might seem like the most crucial thing right now, but in the grander scheme of your whole life they are only a small part.Avoid panic. It’s natural to feel some exam nerves prior to starting the exam, but getting excessively nervous is counterproductive as you will not be able to think as clearly.
High blood pressure
1) What is high blood pressure?
An abnormal blood pressure inside the arteries is usually, defined as high blood pressure. The condition of high blood pressure is also known as hypertension.
2) Is a blood pressure always the same?
The blood pressure may not always be the same. It may get affected by various factors such as:
- Physical activity
- Age, gender, height and weight
- Emotional stress and mood swings
- Other medical conditions
3) When can the blood pressure level be too high?
The blood pressure may vary according to various factors mentioned above. The normal blood pressure of an infant can be 80/45. whereas, a teenager’s normal BP is considered normal when it is 110/70. Comparatively, BP level is seen higher in boys than girls. Blood pressure level can also vary during the time of strenuous physical activity, when affected with another medical condition or during emotional stress and mood swings.
4) Why is high blood pressure a concern?
High blood pressure can increase the risk for Coronary Artery Disease, heart attack and stroke. High blood pressure can have a very harmful effect on the overall health of the children and adolescents.
5) What causes high blood pressure?
High blood pressure can be caused due to various reasons:
- Being overweight
- High blood cholesterol levels
- Use of prescription medication
- Kidney and heart disease
6) Who is at risk for developing high blood pressure?
Obese children can be at an increased risk for developing high blood pressure. Children with a family history of hypertension can also be at risk.
7) How can high blood pressure be diagnosed?
High blood pressure is diagnosed by checking the blood pressure level. The doctor may also check the medical history and conduct a physical examination of the child.
8) How is the treatment for high blood pressure determined?
The treatment for high blood pressure can be determined by analysing the following factors:
- Age of the child
- Overall health of the child
- Medical history
- Opinion of the patient
- Child’s resilience to certain medications, procedure and treatments
9) What are the treatments for high blood pressure?
Some of the common treatment options for high blood pressure in children and adolescents are:
- Weight reduction
- Healthy diet
- Increased physical activity